Cajamarca, founded as "San Antonio de Cajamarca", is the most important city in the northern mountain range of Peru, capital of the province and the department of Cajamarca. It is located at 2750 msnm in the east margin of the western chain of the Mountain range of the Andes, in the interandino valley that form the rivers Mashcón and Chonta. It is a city in constant population growth, with the possibility of creating in the future a metropolitan area conformed by the cities of Cajamarca and Baños del Inca
It is known for its carnival celebration, as well as its important dairy production. It is also known as the Flower of the Cumbe, because of its proximity to the hill and the archaeological complex of Cumbemayo, the city is located in the west end of the homonymous valley.